Sanitary Pads Materials: What Are Sanitary Pads Made Of?

Sanitary Pads

Sanitary pads, also known as menstrual pads or sanitary napkins, are an essential product for women during their menstrual cycles. They provide absorbency and comfort, allowing women to carry on with their daily activities with confidence.

However, many women may be unaware of the materials used in sanitary pads and whether they contain any substances that could cause allergies or skin irritation.

In this article, we will explore the various materials used in sanitary pads, discuss potential allergens, and provide guidance on materials to avoid for those with sensitive skin.

Additionally, we will address frequently asked questions regarding the safety of popular sanitary pad brands, such as Always.

Sanitary Pads Materials

Here are the common materials used in sanitary pads:

1. Absorbent Core

The absorbent core is the most critical component of a sanitary pad. It is responsible for absorbing menstrual flow and keeping the surface dry.

The core is typically made from a blend of wood pulp and superabsorbent polymers (SAPs). The SAPs can absorb and retain a significant amount of liquid, preventing leakage.

2. Top Sheet

The top sheet is the layer in direct contact with the skin. It plays a crucial role in maintaining dryness and preventing leakage.

The top sheet is commonly made from non-woven materials such as polypropylene or a blend of polypropylene and polyethylene. Some pads also use a cotton cover or a perforated film for added comfort.

3. Back Sheet

The back sheet is the outermost layer of the pad, which prevents leakage and provides a barrier against moisture. It is usually made from a breathable, water-resistant material like polyethylene or polypropylene.

4. Adhesive

Adhesive strips are used to secure the pad to the wearer’s underwear. These adhesive strips are typically made from hot-melt adhesives, which are considered safe for skin contact.

Potential Allergens and Materials to Avoid

While sanitary pads are generally designed to be hypoallergenic and safe for most women, some individuals may have sensitivities or allergies to certain materials. Here are some materials to be cautious of if you have sensitive skin or a history of allergies:

1. Fragrances

Some pads are scented to mask menstrual odors. However, these fragrances can potentially cause skin irritation or allergic reactions in some individuals.

If you have sensitive skin or a known fragrance allergy, it is advisable to opt for unscented pads.

2. Synthetic Materials

Some individuals may experience skin irritation or discomfort when using pads made from synthetic materials such as polyester or rayon.

These materials may not be as breathable as natural fibers and can trap moisture, leading to potential irritation. If you have sensitive skin, consider using pads with a cotton cover or those made from 100% cotton.

3. Dyes

Dyes are commonly used to add color to the pad layers. While the dyes used in sanitary pads are generally safe, some individuals may have allergies to specific dyes.

If you have known dye allergies, it is recommended to check the product labeling or contact the manufacturer to ensure the pads you choose are free from the dyes you are allergic to.

Are Always Products Safe?

Always is a well-known brand that produces a wide range of feminine hygiene products, including sanitary pads. The safety of Always pads has been thoroughly tested and evaluated.

The company ensures that its products meet high safety standards and comply with relevant regulations.

Always conducts extensive research and development to create products that are not only effective in providing absorbency but also safe for women to use. They undergo rigorous testing, including clinical studies, to ensure that their products are both safe and comfortable.

Can Pads Irritate Skin?

While sanitary pads are designed to be gentle on the skin, they can still potentially cause irritation in some individuals. The primary cause of irritation is friction and prolonged contact with moisture. When a pad rubs against the skin, it can lead to redness, chafing, and discomfort.

To minimize the risk of skin irritation, it is essential to choose pads made from soft and breathable materials. Look for pads with a cottony cover or those specifically designed to be gentle on the skin. Additionally, changing pads frequently, especially when they become saturated, can help reduce irritation.

Are Scented Pads Safe?

Scented pads are designed to mask menstrual odor and provide a fresh feeling. However, scented pads may not be suitable for everyone, especially those with sensitive skin or allergies.

The fragrances used in scented pads can potentially cause skin irritation, itching, or allergic reactions in some individuals.

It is generally recommended to opt for unscented sanitary pads, particularly if you have sensitive skin or a history of allergies. Unscented pads are free from added fragrances and are less likely to cause any adverse reactions.

Why is Chlorine Bleaching Done on Pads?

Chlorine bleaching is a common process used to whiten and disinfect many paper-based products, including sanitary pads. The purpose of this bleaching process is to remove impurities and potential contaminants, ensuring the hygiene and safety of the final product.

However, chlorine bleaching can produce small traces of harmful chemicals called dioxins. Dioxins are known to be toxic and can have adverse health effects when exposed to high levels. While the amount of dioxins in sanitary pads is generally considered to be safe, some individuals may still prefer to avoid chlorine-bleached pads as a precautionary measure.

If you are concerned about dioxins or prefer to use chlorine-free pads, look for products that are explicitly labeled as chlorine-free or made using alternative bleaching methods.

Are There Any Toxic Dyes in Always Pads?

Always pads, as well as other reputable brands, follow strict safety regulations when it comes to the use of dyes. The dyes used in sanitary pads are generally tested and considered safe for use in contact with the skin.

However, some individuals may have sensitivities or allergies to certain dyes. If you have a known allergy or sensitivity to specific dyes, it is advisable to check the product labeling or contact the manufacturer to ensure that the pads you choose are free from the dyes you are allergic to.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are there any natural or organic sanitary pads available?

Yes, there are natural and organic sanitary pads available in the market. These pads are typically made from organic cotton and do not contain synthetic materials, fragrances, or chemicals.

They aim to provide a more environmentally friendly and skin-friendly alternative for those with specific preferences or sensitivities.

Can sanitary pads cause infections?

Sanitary pads, when used correctly and changed frequently, do not typically cause infections. However, if pads are not changed regularly or if a pad is left on for an extended period, it can create a moist environment that promotes bacterial growth, potentially leading to infections.

What is a sanitary pad mde of?

Average sanitary pads comprises of 48% fluff pulp, PP, PE, and PET, 6% superabsorbent, 7% adhesive, and 3% release paper.

Are reusable cloth pads a better option?

Reusable cloth pads have gained popularity as an eco-friendly and cost-effective alternative to disposable pads. They are typically made from cotton or other absorbent fabrics and can be washed and reused.

Reusable pads can be a suitable option for those concerned about the environmental impact of disposable pads or for individuals with sensitivities to certain materials found in disposable pads.


Sanitary pads are made from various materials, and it is essential to choose pads that are safe and comfortable for your individual needs. Always products are generally safe and undergo extensive testing to ensure their quality.

While pads can potentially cause skin irritation, selecting soft and breathable materials and changing pads regularly can help minimize this risk.

Scented pads may not be suitable for individuals with sensitive skin or allergies, and unscented pads are recommended. 100% cotton pads are often favored for their hypoallergenic and breathable properties.

Consider natural or organic pads if you prefer a more environmentally friendly and skin-friendly option. Maintaining good menstrual hygiene practices and proper pad usage is essential for overall comfort and health.

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